Product: Sodium Citrate
Chemical Formula: C6H5Na3O7
Information about the product:
– Sodium Salt: Sodium citrate is the sodium salt of citric acid, derived from the citric acid molecule.
– White Powder: It is typically found as a white crystalline powder or granules.
– Solubility: Sodium citrate is highly soluble in water, making it easy to dissolve and incorporate into various applications.
– pH Regulator: It acts as a pH regulator, helping to stabilize and adjust the acidity of solutions.
– Chelating Agent: Sodium citrate can form complexes with metal ions, acting as a chelating agent.
Information for the sector of utilization of the product:
1. Food and Beverage Industry:
– Food Additive: Sodium citrate is commonly used as a food additive for various purposes, including flavor enhancement, pH control, and emulsification.
– Cheese Making: It is added to some cheese formulations to improve texture, prevent cheese from becoming too crumbly, and enhance melting properties.
– Carbonated Beverages: Sodium citrate can be found in carbonated drinks to control acidity and enhance flavor stability.
2. Pharmaceutical Industry:
– Buffering Agent: Sodium citrate is used as a buffering agent in pharmaceutical formulations to maintain the pH of medications and improve stability.
– Anticoagulant: It is utilized as an anticoagulant in blood collection tubes, preventing clotting and preserving the integrity of blood samples.
3. Medical Applications:
– Kidney Stone Prevention: Sodium citrate solutions are sometimes prescribed to prevent the formation of certain types of kidney stones by reducing urinary acidity.
– Urinary Alkalinization: It can be used to alkalinize the urine in certain medical conditions or to enhance the elimination of certain drugs from the body.
4. Industrial Applications:
– Cleaning Products: Sodium citrate is used in cleaning products, such as detergents and soaps, as a chelating agent and water softener.
– Metal Surface Cleaning: It is employed in metal surface cleaning and treatment processes to remove rust and scale deposits.
5. Cosmetics and Personal Care Products:
– Skincare: Sodium citrate is used in skincare products like lotions and creams for its pH adjusting properties and as a gentle exfoliant.
– Hair Care: It can be found in hair care products, such as shampoos and conditioners, for its ability to soften and condition the hair.
6. Textile Industry:
– Dyeing and Printing: Sodium citrate is used in textile dyeing and printing processes as a dispersing agent, assisting in the even distribution of dyes.
7. Laboratory and Research:
– Analytical Chemistry: Sodium citrate is utilized in various laboratory analyses, particularly in complexometric titrations and as a component of buffer solutions.
– Photographic Processing: Sodium citrate is used in photographic processing as a buffering agent and pH regulator.
9. Agriculture and Horticulture:
– Soil Additive: Sodium citrate can be added to soil as a chelating agent to improve the availability and absorption of certain micronutrients for plants.
10. Water Treatment:
– Water Softening: Sodium citrate is sometimes used in water treatment systems as a water softener, helping to reduce the concentration of hardness ions.
It is important to follow recommended usage levels and regulatory guidelines when utilizing sodium citrate in different sectors to ensure safety and adherence to standards.
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