Product: Calcium Chloride
Chemical Formula: CaCl2
Information about the product:
– Chemical Compound: Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound composed of calcium and chlorine ions.
– Appearance: It is usually found as a white, crystalline solid or as a white powder.
– Solubility: Calcium chloride is highly soluble in water and forms a clear, colorless solution.
Information for the sector of utilization of the product:
1. Deicing and Snow Removal:
– Road Deicer: Calcium chloride is widely used as a deicing agent on roads and highways during winter to melt ice and snow, improving traction and road safety.
– Sidewalk and Driveway Deicer: It is also used for deicing sidewalks, driveways, and other pedestrian areas.
2. Food and Beverage Industry:
– Food Additive: Calcium chloride is approved as a food additive with the E number E509. It is used as a firming agent, preservative, and sequestrant in various food products, such as canned vegetables, cheese, and tofu.
– Brewing and Cheese Making: It is employed in brewing and cheese making processes to adjust water hardness and improve enzyme activity.
3. Construction and Concrete:
– Accelerator: Calcium chloride is used as a concrete accelerator, speeding up the setting and hardening process of concrete in cold weather conditions.
– Dust Control: It can be applied to unpaved roads, construction sites, and mining operations to control dust by binding particles together.
4. Water Treatment:
– Desiccant: Calcium chloride is used as a desiccant to remove moisture from air in various industrial and commercial applications.
– Water Softening: It is used in water treatment systems to reduce water hardness by removing calcium and magnesium ions.
– Fertilizer Supplement: Calcium chloride is used as a source of calcium and chloride ions in fertilizer formulations, providing essential nutrients to plants and improving their growth and development.
– Soil Amendment: It can be applied to soil with high pH levels to lower the alkalinity and improve nutrient availability to plants.
6. Oil and Gas Industry:
– Drilling Fluids: Calcium chloride is added to drilling fluids as a density control agent and to stabilize shale formations during oil and gas drilling operations.
– Dehydrating Agent: It is used to remove water from oil and natural gas, facilitating their processing and transportation.
– Medicinal Applications: Calcium chloride can be used in certain medical treatments and procedures, such as in intravenous injections and as a source of calcium in oral supplements.
8. HVAC and Refrigeration:
– Hygroscopic Agent: Calcium chloride is used as a hygroscopic agent in dehumidifiers and air conditioning systems to remove moisture from the air.
9. Industrial Processes:
– Drying Agent: It is used as a drying agent in various industrial processes, such as drying gases and solvents, as well as in the production of drying agents for consumer products like desiccant packs.
– Metal Treatment: Calcium chloride can be used in metal treatment processes, including pickling and galvanizing, to remove impurities and prevent corrosion.
10. Fire Protection:
– Fire Extinguishers: Calcium chloride can be used as an ingredient in certain types of fire extinguishers, particularly those designed for Class D fires involving flammable metals.
When handling calcium chloride, it is important to follow proper safety precautions, as it can be corrosive to metals and irritating to the skin and eyes.
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